ADI ADRF6650带DVGA和PLL/VCO的双下变换解决方案

  • 发布时间:2019-12-07
  • 发布者: 管理员
  • 来源: 本站
  • 阅读量:54

ADI公司的ADRF6650是高度集成的下变换器,集成了两个混合器,两个数字开关衰减器,两个数字可变增益放大器,一个锁相环(PLL)和压控振荡器(VCO).此外还集成了两个RF平衡转换器(Balun),串行增益控制(SGC),用于时分复用(TDD)工作的快速使能输入.片上的RF平衡转换器使ADRF6650支持50 Ω终端RF输入.集成的无源混合器提供高度线性下变换器,用于200MHz滑动中频(IF)窗口.ADRF6650采用宽带方波限幅振荡器(LO)放大器,以达到450 MHz 到 2700 MHz的RF带宽.和通常的窄带正弦波LO放大器解决方案不同,该放大器允许LO可在极宽带宽上应用在高于或低下RF输入频率.集成的PLL/VCD使得连续LO 的频率范围从450 MHz 到 2900 MHz. PLL基准输入支持宽频率范围和包括集成相频检测器(PFD)前的基准分频器.ADRF6650采用先进的硅锗(SiGe)双极互补金属氧化物半导体(BiCMOS)工艺,56引脚RoHS兼容性8 mm × 8 mm LFCSP封装,工作温度?40℃ 到 +105℃.主要用在多波段/多标准蜂窝基站分集接收器,宽带无线连接分集式下变换器,多模式蜂窝扩展器和微微蜂窝基站.本文介绍了ADRF6650主要特性,功能框图,PLL/VCO框图,基本连接框图以及评估板ADRF6650-EVALZ主要特性,测试建立图,电路图,材料清单和PCB设计图.

The ADRF6650 is a highly integrated downconverter that integrates dual mixers, dual digital switched attenuators, dual digital variable gain amplifiers, a phase-locked loop (PLL), and voltage controlled oscillators (VCOs). In addition, the ADRF6650 integrates two radio frequency (RF) baluns, serial gain control (SGC) controls, and fast enable inputs for time division duplex (TDD) operation.

The on-chip RF baluns enable the ADRF6650 to support 50 Ω terminated RF inputs. The integrated passive mixer provides a highly linear downconversion for a 200 MHz, sliding, intermediate frequency (IF) window. The ADRF6650 uses broadband square wave limiting local oscillator (LO) amplifiers to achieve an RF bandwidth of 450 MHz to 2700 MHz. Unlike conventional narrow-band sine wave LO amplifier solutions, this amplifier permits the LO to be applied either above or below the RF input over an extremely wide bandwidth. 

The ADRF6650 offers two alternatives for generating the differ-ential LO input signal: internally via the on-chip fractional-N synthesizer with low phase noise VCOs, or externally via a low phase noise LO signal. The integrated PLL/VCO enables contin-uous LO coverage from 450 MHz to 2900 MHz. The PLL reference input supports a wide frequency range and includes integrated reference dividers before the phase frequency detector (PFD). 

The ADRF6650 is fabricated using an advanced silicon-germa-nium (SiGe) bipolar complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (BiCMOS) process. It is available in a 56-lead, RoHS-compliant, 8 mm × 8 mm, lead frame chip scale package (LFCSP) package with an exposed pad. Performance is specified over the ?40℃to +105℃ maximum paddle temperature.


Dual down-converter with integrated fractional-N PLL/VCO 
RF: 450 MHz to 2700 MHz continuous 
LO frequency: 450 MHz to 2900 MHz, high-side or low-side injection 
43 dB gain control range 
Gain control with up/down and SPI 
Integrated RF balun for single-ended 50 Ω inputs 
Power supply: 3.3 and 5 V 
8 mm × 8 mm, 56-lead LFCSP package


Multiband/multistandard cellular base station diversity receivers 
Wideband radio link diversity downconverters 
Multimode cellular extenders and picocells




Evaluating the ADRF6650 450 MHz to 2700 MHz Dual Downconverter with DVGA and PLL/VCO
The ADRF6650-EVALZ is a 4-layer Rogers printed circuit board (PCB) and evaluates the performance of the ADRF6650. A photograph of the evaluation board is shown in Figure 1. The evaluation board contains the ADRF6650, a connector suited for a SDP-S controller board, power supply connectors, regulators, and subminiature Version A (SMA) connectors. The evaluation board requires an SDP-S controller board to allow software programming of the device. 

The ADRF6650 is a high performance, dual downconverter that integrates mixers, digital switched attenuators, digital variable gain amplifiers (DVGAs), a phase-locked loop (PLL), and a voltage controlled oscillator (VCO). The device uses broadband, square wave limiting, local oscillator (LO) amplifiers to achieve an RF bandwidth of 450 MHz to 2700 MHz. Unlike conventional, narrow-band, sine wave LO amplifier solutions, the ADRF6650 allows the application of the LO either above or below the RF input, over a bandwidth of 450 MHz to 2900 MHz.

This user guide describes the ADRF6650-EVALZ evaluation board and software. For full details, see the ADRF6650 data sheet, which must be consulted in conjunction with this user guide when using the evaluation board.


Full featured evaluation board for the ADRF6650 
Single supply: 5.6 V (1 A capability required) 
ACE software for control 
ADRF6650-EVALZ evaluation board





图8. IF输出电路图



图11.ADRF6650 PLL电路图




图15.评估板ADRF6650-EVALZ PCB设计图(1)

图16.评估板ADRF6650-EVALZ PCB设计图(2)



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